The current methods of treatment and reporting are described. The most common form of treatment for gonorrhoea in men and women was a single dose of oral ampicillin, usually 2 g. In proportionately more of the clinics treating women, treatment was given over several days. The wide use of ampicillin represents a marked change in treatment practice during the last decade. Procaine penicillin was the most commonly used parenteral preparation. The two dosages used most often for men were 1.2 and 2.4 megaunits. In women the commonest regimen was 2.4 megaunits and again there was a tendency for treatment to be given over several days. Epidemiology treatment was used widely and in one-third of clinics this occurred without confirmation that the patient was a true contact. Consultants used varying diagnoses on the quarterly returns for patients treated epidemiologically in whom the smears and/or cultures were negative. Most clinics classified these cases as 'other conditions requiring treatment' (D2) but as many as 19% of clinics designated these cases as being 'true' gonorrhoea. It is suggested that this results in an overestimate of the number of cases of 'real' gonorrhoea treated in England and Wales.
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