The concentrations of penicillin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were compared simultaneously with those in the serum in 17 patients with syphilis. The antibiotic concentrations were measured by the agar well diffusion method. There were no detectable concentrations of penicillin in the CSF after administration of benzathine penicillin 2.4 megaunits, benzathine penicillin 7.2 megaunits, procaine penicillin in aluminium monostearate (PAM) 12 megaunits, or aqueous procaine penicillin G 2.4 megaunits. Only after high doses of aqueous penicillin G 24 megaunits daily or aqueous penicillin G 2 megaunits daily together with oral probenecid 2 g daily was penicillin detectable in the CSF. The concentrations after the latter regimen were the highest and much higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration for Treponema pallidum.
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