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Immune dot blot technique for diagnosing infection with Chlamydia trachomatis.
  1. C C Storey,
  2. G Mearns,
  3. S J Richmond
  1. North Manchester Regional Virus Laboratory, Booth Hall Children's Hospital.

    Abstract

    An immune dot blot test (IDBT) to detect the genus specific lipopolysaccharide chlamydial antigen is described, in which the antigen is trapped on nitrocellulose membrane and then detected with a monoclonal antibody labelled with 125iodine. A preliminary comparison of 270 specimens obtained from the endocervix or male urethra showed that the IDBT was more sensitive (sensitivity 90%) than a commercial amplified enzyme immunoassay named IDEIA (sensitivity (60%) for detecting specimens that yielded Chlamydia trachomatis on culture. Subsequent assessment of 950 urogenital tract specimens in the IDBT and by culture confirmed the sensitivity (92%) and specificity (95%) of the IDBT. At least one of 56 specimens obtained from the eye, however, gave a false positive result, which was probably due to staphylococcal protein A in the specimen. The IDBT provides the basis for a novel simple test for detecting the genus Chlamydia.

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