Article Text

PDF

HIV and human papillomavirus as independent risk factors for cervical neoplasia in women with high or low numbers of sex partners.
  1. S D Vernon,
  2. E R Unger,
  3. M A Piper,
  4. S T Severin,
  5. S Z Wiktor,
  6. P D Ghys,
  7. D L Miller,
  8. I R Horowitz,
  9. A E Greenberg,
  10. W C Reeves
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE: To explore whether HIV types 1 and 2 and CD4 cell count affect cervical neoplasia independent of human papillomavirus (HPV) in women with high or low numbers of sexual partners residing in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: The study population and methods are described in the companion paper. Additional methods include a Papanicolaou smear for cytological diagnosis and statistical analysis. RESULTS: In maternal women, both HIV-1 and high risk HPV were significant independent risk factors for squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 11.0 (95% CI 1.1-112) and 5.4 (1.5-18.8), respectively). Only high levels of HPV DNA in the lavage were associated with SIL (OR 13.2 (3.6-47.8)) in the maternal group. In female sex workers, high risk HPV was significantly associated with SIL (OR 23.7 (4.4-126)); HIV seropositivity was not. Any positive level (high or low amounts) of HPV DNA was significantly associated with SIL in sex workers (ORs 15.9 (3.3-76) and 12.7 (3.6-44), respectively). There was no association of SIL with CD4 cell counts < or = 500 x 10(6)/l in HIV seropositive women from either group. CONCLUSION: HPV or HIV-1 infection independently affect cervical neoplasia in women with low numbers of sex partners.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.