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Treatment of Candida glabrata using topical amphotericin B and flucytosine
  1. S Shann,
  2. J Wilson
  1. Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Sunnybank Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr S Shann, Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Sunnybank Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK; 
 siobhan.mcmyler{at}leedsth.nhs.uk

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We read with interest the article by White and colleagues on the treatment of Candida glabrata using topical amphotericin B and flucytosine because this infection can prove difficult to treat.1 We have since used this treatment on a 28 year old woman with a 10 year history of recurrent candida.

The woman first attended our department complaining of a recurrent itchy white discharge. She had received numerous courses of antifungals including topical clotrimazole, oral itraconazole, and fluconazole with no relief. Vaginal swabs were positive for C glabrata and she was treated with nystatin pessaries 200 000 units at night for 14 nights. Culture was still positive for C glabrata at follow up 4 weeks later so she was advised to continue with nystatin pessaries for a further 4 weeks. On review she felt her symptoms were slightly better but she found the pessaries were not dissolving so she was switched to nystatin cream 200 000 units by vagina for 28 nights. After this course of treatment she remained symptomatic and positive on culture for C glabrata. Following the success with topical flucytosine and amphotericin B in the above article our pharmacist obtained this preparation. The patient was given amphotericin 100 mg plus flucytosine 1 g in Aquagel in a total 8 g dose, which was given by vaginal applicator nightly for 14 nights. She was reviewed 2 and 6 weeks after finishing treatment, her symptoms had greatly improved and cultures for yeast were negative on both occasions.

White’s paper described the successful treatment of three patients with candidiasis using topical amphotericin B and flucytosine. Our patient makes up the fourth case of successful eradication of refractory vaginal C glabrata using this combination which, like the other cases, was very well tolerated.

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