Epidemiology of HIV among black and minority ethnic men who have sex with men in England and Wales
- 1Department of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK
- 2City University London, Institute of Health Sciences, St Bartholomew School of Nursing and Midwifery, UK
- Correspondence to: Sarah Dougan Department of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5EQ, UK;
- Accepted 28 November 2004
Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of HIV among black and minority ethnic (BME) men who have sex with men (MSM) in England and Wales (E&W).
Methods: Ethnicity data from two national HIV/AIDS surveillance systems were reviewed (1997–2002 inclusive), providing information on new HIV diagnoses and those accessing NHS HIV treatment and care services. In addition, undiagnosed HIV prevalence among MSM attending 14 genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics participating in the Unlinked Anonymous Prevalence Monitoring Programme and having routine syphilis serology was examined by world region of birth.
Results: Between 1997 and 2002, 1040 BME MSM were newly diagnosed with HIV in E&W, representing 12% of all new diagnoses reported among MSM. Of the 1040 BME MSM, 27% were black Caribbean, 12% black African, 10% black other, 8% Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi, and 44% other/mixed. Where reported (n = 395), 58% of BME MSM were probably infected in the United Kingdom. An estimated 7.4% (approximate 95% CI: 4.4% to 12.5%) of BME MSM aged 16–44 in E&W were living with diagnosed HIV in 2002 compared with 3.2% (approximate 95% CI: 2.6% to 3.9%) of white MSM (p<0.001). Of Caribbean born MSM attending GUM clinics between 1997 and 2002, the proportion with undiagnosed HIV infection was 15.8% (95% CI: 11.7% to 20.8%), while among MSM born in other regions it remained below 6.0%.
Conclusions: Between 1997–2002, BME MSM accounted for just over one in 10 new HIV diagnoses among MSM in E&W; more than half probably acquired their infection in the United Kingdom. In 2002, the proportion of BME MSM living with diagnosed HIV in E&W was significantly higher than white MSM. Undiagnosed HIV prevalence in Caribbean born MSM was high. These data confirm the need to remain alert to the sexual health needs and evolving epidemiology of HIV among BME MSM in E&W.
- ART, antiretroviral therapy
- BME, black and minority ethnic
- CDSC, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre
- E&W, England and Wales
- GUM, genitourinary medicine
- IPB, Indian/Pakistani/Bangladeshi
- IQR, interquartile ranges
- MSM, men who have sex with men
- NHS, National Health Service
- SOPHID, Survey of Prevalent HIV Infections Diagnosed
- UAPMP, Unlinked Anonymous Prevalence Monitoring Programme
- VCT, voluntary confidential testing