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Social and behavioural aspects of prevention poster session 3: General Population
P2-S3.12 Culture and research: how do you mix them?
  1. D Gesink1,
  2. P McGilvery2,
  3. T Tilley3,
  4. K Saganiuk3
  1. 1University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  2. 2Saddle Lake Health Center, Saddle Lake, Canada
  3. 3First Nations and Inuit Health, Health Canada, Saddle Lake, Canada

Abstract

Background Community-based participatory research principles partner community and academics through all stages of the research process. Our purpose is to describe how we have been combining traditional Cree cultural practices (culture) and Western academic research processes (research) to facilitate a restorative research experience.

Methods Culture and research were given equal emphasis in the structure and content of meetings, governance structure of the project, knowledge exchange activities, project development and ethics. To begin this sexual health project, the Health Director invited academic and government partners to the community. Statistics on rates of sexually transmitted infections were shared with community partners. Since then, emphasis has been placed on face-to-face meetings in the community. Elders and community leadership have attended meetings and provided guidance on research activities. The governance structure was organised so primary decision makers are from the community and are guided by a community working group, cultural advisor and scientific advisor. Knowledge exchange was achieved through mutual participation in traditional Cree cultural activities and research emersion at an academic institution. Key community informants, Elders and research assistants led project development. The local First Nations College provided primary ethical review.

Results Face-to-face meetings helped build strong, sustainable relationships between community and outside researchers. Knowledge exchange activities, like cultural teachings and research trainings, contributed to mutual respect, understanding and trust between community and outside team members. Participation in community events and traditional ceremonies combined with formal and informal discussions with the community working group, Elders, and key community informants led to the identification of a priority research area of importance to the community. Following community led ways of knowing and doing has led to the development of innovative research methods for data collection. Ethics review held in ceremony provided a supportive, holistic environment from which to proceed with research activities.

Conclusions Building trust and nurturing the relationship between community and outside research partners has been integral for restoring confidence in the potential benefits of research for this First Nations community.

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