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HIV—testing, new diagnoses, management and PEPSE
P20 Potential impact of updated UK guidelines for use of post exposure prophylaxis following sexual exposure in a London sexual health service
  1. L Snell1,
  2. S G Edwards2,
  3. P D Benn2
  1. 1UCL Medical School
  2. 2Mortimer Market Centre, CNWL NHS FT, London, UK

Abstract

Background Updated UK guidelines for post exposure prophylaxis following sexual exposure (PEPSE) outline new thresholds for when PEPSE is recommended (R), considered (C) or not recommended (NR).

Aim/Objective We compared practice and outcomes according to 2006 and 2011 guidelines.

Methods Retrospective review of electronic patient records between 20 January 2011 and 7 November 2011. Information regarding presentation, recommendations and outcomes were collected. Risk estimates were compared with guidelines. Blood abnormalities were classified grades I-IV. Data were analysed using Microsoft Excel.

Results Of 325 requests to a London sexual health service, PEPSE was issued on 281 occasions to 268 patients. Gender: male n=258, female n=10, median age: 32 years, sexual orientation: men who have sex with men n=236, heterosexual n=25, not recorded n=7. Risk exposure: unprotected anal (n=263) and vaginal (n=26) intercourse. Source details: HIV+ n=112 (40%), on antiretroviral therapy n=31, viral load known 40 (14%) (<50 n=26, >50 n=14). 71 (26%) reported taking PEPSE ≥ once (range 1–5) previously. 99% commenced PEPSE within 72 h (median 30). Comparing those classified as R (n=258) and C (n=21) according to 2006 guidelines, 27 (10%) were reclassified NR using 2011 guidelines. Completion of 28 days PEPSE was reported in 59% cases, 100% adherence in 87%. Eight stopped early due to side effects (n=4) or the source tested HIV- (n=4). 148/268 (55%) had ≥1 blood abnormality, grade I-II (n=196) and grade III-IV (n=29). 1 patient developed acute interstitial nephritis. 196/268 (73%) underwent ≥1 screen for sexually transmitted infections; chlamydia (n=27), gonorrhoea (n=17), syphilis (n=4) and hepatitis B (n=1). Of 243 due 4-month follow-up, 52% have tested HIV− (n=122) and HIV+ (n=4).

Conclusions We report high rates of repeat PEPSE, side effects/blood abnormalities and poor completion rates. Updated guidelines may result in a modest reduction in the use of PEPSE.

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