Introduction and Objectives To examine epidemiology of genital herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus (HPV) during 2000–2011 in Russian Federation.
Materials and Methods Overview of national statistical surveillance data for 2000–2011 on STI.
Results In 2011 a total of 67834 newly diagnosed cases of viral STIs were reported in Russia, which corresponds to an overall rate of 47.5 cases including genital herpes simplex virus rate of 18.3 and human papillomavirus rate 29.2 per 100,000 population.
The age-specific genital herpes simplex virus rates in 2011 were as follows: 21.8 among those aged 18 years and older, 15.7 among those aged 15–17; whereas the age-specific HPV rates were 39.0 among those aged 15–17 versus 34.3 cases per 100,000 population among adults.
During 2000–2011 the total rates of genital herpes simplex virus remain constant (mean rate 19.8 ± 1.4 per 100,000 population). The total rates of HPV during the same period increase from 27.4 to 29.2 per 100,000 population with maximum reported rates of 34.7 in 2009.
During 2000–2010 the mean rate of genital herpes simplex virus among adolescents aged 15–17 was 9.5 ± 1.2 per 100,000 population; whereas significant increase of the rate (15.7 per 100,000 population) was observed in 2011. The mean rate of HPV among those aged 15–17 increased from 37.7 in 2000 to 39.0 in 2011 with the highest rates of 43.7 per 100,000 population reported in 2004.
Conclusions against overall 2.6-fold decrease of total reported STI rates in 2000–2011 in Russian Federation the rates of viral STIs remain generally constant except for the 1.7 fold increase of genital herpes simplex virus rate among adolescents aged 15–17 in 2011.