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P3.403 Knowledge, Optimism Regarding Hiv/Aids and Self-Efficacy in Condom Use of the Male Sex Workers in the City of Lisbon: The Results of the Project ”Encontros (In)Seguros”
  1. I F Gonçalves1,
  2. I C R Borges1,
  3. J B Filho1,
  4. H Pereira2,
  5. M E Saraiva1
  1. 1Portuguese League Against Aids, Lisboa, Portugal
  2. 2Portuguese League Against Aids/Beira Interior University, Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract

Background This project arises from the lack of information about the reality of the sexual male workers in the city of Lisbon and from HIV/AIDS and other IST prevention projects, adapted to this target audience.

Methods Participating in the project 129 male sex workers, with an average age of 28.32 years (SD = 5,860). Most are single (81.4%) and 48.8% identify themselves as homosexual or bisexual (35.7%). 60.5% have a versatile role in sex, while 36.4% claim just be active. Instruments used to conduct this study: the socio-demographic questionnaire and the Questionnaire of Knowledge on HIV/AIDS which consists of 17 multiple-choice questions (yes, no, I don’t know). This data was collected through an outreach strategy, with a field team operating with the audience, addressing the indoor sex work.

Results Male sex workers present high level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS (average = 14.92, SD = 2.47, range 0 a 17), however, have low levels of optimism (average = 20.89, SD = 4.53, range 12–48) and high levels of self-efficacy in condom use (average = 61.40, SD = 6.29, range 13–65). The correlation analysis shows that higher levels of optimism were negatively associated with self-efficacy (r = –0.203, p = 0.029), indicating a moderate but significant negative relationship: the more optimistic, the less self-efficacy in condom use. Statistically significant differences were found in self-efficacy on condom use and sexual orientation; on nationality and condom use in oral sex and also sex role and self-efficacy in condom use.

Conclusions This Project has been of the utmost importance in preventing HIV/AIDS and other STI, by regular monitoring and routing of the target audience based on felt needs. The distribution of prevention-material and the relationship established with the audience points in that direction. It´s extremely important for the prevention of HIV/AIDS and other STIs among sex workers, work with cognitive and behavioural variables, such as optimism and self-efficacy in condom use.

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Male sex workers

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