Article Text

PDF

P2.020 Diagnostic Accuracy of Rapid Tests For C. Trachomatis, N. Gonorrhoea and Syphilis at the Point of Care in Women with Symptoms of Lower Genital Tract Infection
  1. L Nuñez-Forero1,
  2. L Moyano1,
  3. E Angel Muller2,
  4. A Rodriguez3,
  5. A Ruiz Parra3,
  6. J Tolosa4,
  7. H Gaitan Duarte3
  1. 1Health Secretariat, Bogota, Colombia
  2. 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
  3. 3Clinical Research Institute, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
  4. 4Oregon and Health Science University., Portland, OR, United States

Abstract

Objective Evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests (RTs) for C. trachomatis (CT), N. gonorrheae (NG), and syphilis at the point of care for management of women with symptoms of lower genital tract infection (LGTI).

Materials and Methods: Diagnostic validity study assembled in a cohort study of sexually active women 14 to 49 years old, consulting with symptoms of LGTI at three outpatient facilities in Bogotá, Colombia in 2010, after ethics board approval. Exclusion criteria: hysterectomy, pregnancy, or receiving antibiotics in the 7 previous days. Sampling: sequential. RTs evaluated: Acon® duo and Acon plate® (Acon, San Diego, CA, USA) for NG. Acon® Plate, Acon Duo and QuickVue® (Quidel Corporation, San Diego, CA, USA). for CT They were compared against polymerase chain reaction (PCR) AMPLICOR C.trachomatis/N. gonorrhoeae test (Roche Diagnostic Systems, Inc., Branchburg, N.J.). Bioline® Syphilis 3.0 (Standard Diagnostics, Inc., Kyunggi-do, South Korea) and ACON® Syphilis for syphilis and were compared to a positive RPR and TPHA. Sensitivity (S), specificity (Sp), positive and negative likelihood ratios LR (+), LR (-) were calculated.

Results 1410 subjects recruited. The prevalence of NG and CT with PCR was 1.4% (19/1376) and 9.6% (133/1379) respectively. The prevalence of syphilis with RP and TPHA was 0.9% (12/1400). RTs for syphilis showed > 90% sensitivity and 100% specificity. RTs for C trachomatis showed a low sensitivity between 22 – 37% and a 99% specificity, RTs for N gonorrhoeae showed 97%.

Conclusions In women with symptoms of LGTIs RTs used at the point of care for syphilis have a sensitivity > 90%. RTs for CT have sensitivity < 40% and Rts for NG have sensitivity < 12.5% %.

Funded by Colciencias (Colombia) Grant:621 2009.

  • Diagnosis
  • Molecular techniques
  • STI

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.