Background/introduction In the UK, the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) amongst trans* individuals is unknown. International data estimate HIV prevalence to be as high as 20%. Public health data is lacking primarily due to trans* not being recognised as a gender.
Aim(s)/objectives To identify and characterise trans* individuals within our HIV+ cohort.
Methods Trans* individuals attending for HIV care at three urban care centres were identified by their physician and added to a database. A retrospective review of each electronic patient record was undertaken. Demographics, clinical data and documentation of sexual history and risk behaviours were collated.
Results 23 trans* individuals living with HIV were identified. All were trans*female. 10 (43%) had a detectable HIV viral load. Within the past 6 months 10 (43%) reported condomless anal sex and 6 (26%) had gonorrhoea and/or chlamydia infection. 11 (48%) were regularly using recreational drugs and 6 (26%) engaged in commercial sex work. 9 (39%) had no documentation of sexual history.
Discussion/conclusion High levels of vulnerability and specific healthcare needs exist amongst trans* individuals. Within this HIV+ cohort particular concerns include risk of onward transmission of HIV, acquisition of new infections and drug misuse. Our clinic runs a dedicated sexual health, HIV and holistic well-being service for trans* individuals that is working to address these issues. Patient record systems need updating to recognise trans* individuals, allowing the prevalence of HIV and other STIs in this group to be accurately recorded. We believe trans* individuals are an at risk group whose healthcare needs should be better addressed.