Worldwide, women face sexual and reproductive health (SRH) risks including unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV. Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) combine protection against two or more SRH risks into one product. Male and female condoms are the only currently available MPT products, but several other forms of MPTs are in development. We conducted a comprehensive analysis to examine the global distribution of selected SRH issues to determine where various risks have the greatest geographical overlap.
We examined four indicators relevant to MPTs in development: HIV prevalence, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) prevalence, human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence, and the proportion of women with unmet need for modern contraception. Using ArcGIS Desktop, we mapped these indicators individually and in combination on chloropleth and graduated symbol maps. We conducted a principal components analysis to reduce data and enable visual mapping of all four indicators on one graphic to identify overlap. Our findings document the greatest overlapping risks in sub-Saharan Africa, and we specify countries in greatest need by specific MPT indication. These results can inform strategic planning for MPT introduction, market segmentation, and demand generation, but data limitations also highlight the need for improved (non-HIV) STI surveillance globally.
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