Introduction HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection remains an international health problem. Denpasar, a capital city of one of a famous tourist destination in the world was contributing the largest of AIDS cases in Bali-Indonesia. Based on the Bali Provincial AIDS Commission report, most of PLWHA in Bali are between age 20–29 years old. It can be assumed that the HIV infection occurred 5–10 years before which is around 10–15 years old of age when they were in junior/senior high school. This study aimed to recognise the HIV risk behaviours among school students in Denpasar.
Methods This is cross-sectional descriptive survey involving 297 junior high school students which are selected using cluster random sampling method. This survey took place in two state junior high schools and six private junior high schools in Denpasar. Data were collected using self administered anonymous questionnaire.
Results The results found 1% students have ever used illicit drugs, 1% students have ever injected drugs, 6% students have pierced, and 0.7% students have permanent tattoo. The result also implied that 5% of students had sexual intercourse and only 61.5% who always using condom and 15% never use condom. Overall, 10% of respondents were practicing HIV risk behaviours. The other findings shows males have odd 9.297 of doing sexual intercourse than women (p = 0.001). Interestingly, it also found that students who used injection drugs have odd 10.808 for sexual intercourse than students who never used injection drugs (p = 0.019).
Conclusion It can be conclude that even only 10% of risky behaviour on HIV infection, it seem that all relevant parties need to pay attention including for junior high school students as one of the vulnerable groups on the spread of HIV and AIDS. The attention could be by performing effective promotive and preventive actions.
Disclosure of interest statement There is nothing to be declare.
- drugs use
- HIV behavior
- school student
- sexual behavior