Background/introduction Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) has become an important UK public health issue since 2003. HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be the predominant risk group for contracting LGV in the UK.
Aim(s)/objectives LGV commonly presents as proctitis alone; we present an unusual case of a patient who presented with simultaneous rectal symptoms, penile ulceration and bubo.
Methods A 25 year old HIV (CD4 996 (43%)/viral load undetectable) and Hepatitis C co-infected MSM presented to A&E with a 2 week history of painful left inguinal swelling. Additional history revealed episodes of bloody diarrhoea which the patient related to a previous diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel disease. Examination revealed a left inguinal bubo and 3 areas of penile ulceration (2 painful, one indurated/painless). Proctoscopy was normal. Empirical treatment with Doxycycline and Aciclovir was commenced.
Results Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) was performed on pharynx, rectum, urine and penile ulcers. Urine NAAT was positive for Chlamydia trachomatis; penile ulcer NAAT was positive for LGV specific DNA. Herpes simplex and Treponemal PCR from the ulcers were negative. Rectal NAAT was negative for Chlamydia trachomatis. An Ultrasound of the left inguinal bubo revealed abscess formation with frank pus seen on aspiration.
Discussion/conclusion LGV is commonly associated with proctitis and genital ulcers of LGV are evanescent. Persistence of LGV ulceration until bubo formation has not been reported to-date. The negative Rectal NAAT for Chlamydia was unusual however the diarrhoeal symptoms settled with Doxycycline.