Introduction It is estimated that 1.8 million pregnant women worldwide are infected with syphilis and less than 10% are diagnosed and treated. In Brazil, about 30 thousand cases/year with progressive growth are related to social inequalities and lost opportunities of diagnosis and prevention. Considering the importance of a faster detection of this disease, an analysis is necessary because such data could contribute to the development of new syphilis control strategies in this population.
Methods This retrospective case-control study included 170 women (34 cases and 136 controls), where the presence of VDRL and TPHA have defined as a case. The study was based on analyses of medical records of women admitted to the Women’s Hospital Prof.Dr.José Aristodemo Pinotti/Unicamp-São Paulo-Brazil, matched by age over a period of 24 months. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests. For the quantitative variables, descriptive measures were obtained and to verify a significant difference between the mean values, a Mann-Whitney test was used.
Results The prevalence was 1.04% and the mean age was 27.5a. 58.8% of women cases were white, 52.9% with a fundamental education and were in the 3.24 gestation (or 6.77). 70.6% of the controls were white with 45.6% average education and were at 2.27 gestation. In women with syphilis, the average number of sexual partners was 7, the beginning of the sexual activity was 15.3a, 29.5% were drug users (or 0.0001), and 35.3% had a history of STDs. Controls had an average of 2.6 sexual partners, sex at 17.1a, 11.1% used drugs and 7.4% had a history of STDs. The cases had 6.2 consultations (p=0.0664). Half of the partners were not treated. There was 1 neonatal death. Of the 34 women diagnosed with syphilis, only 5 achieved follow-up and cure.
Conclusion A high prevalence of syphilis was identified, which was associated with white, young and multiparous women. Socio-demographic vulnerability and difficulty in diagnosis seem to influence the disease, it is noteworthy that only 1 in 7 women obtained a cure.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.