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How, not just if, condoms are used: the timing of condom application and removal during vaginal sex among young people in England
  1. Bethan Hatherall (bhatherall{at}
  1. Sex Ed Forum, United Kingdom
    1. Roger Ingham (ri{at}
    1. University of Southampton, United Kingdom
      1. Nicole Stone (n.c.stone{at}
      1. University of Southampton, United Kingdom
        1. Juliet McEachran (juliet_mce{at}
        1. University of Southampton, United Kingdom


          Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and factors associated with, vaginal penetration prior to condom application and following condom removal among young people in education in England.

          Methods: A large cross-sectional survey (N=1373) was conducted in educational establishments in England and sexual event diaries were completed by a sub-sample of young people over a six month period.

          Results: Of the 375 survey respondents who reported having used a condom on the most recent occasion of vaginal sex, six percent had applied the condom after penetration and six percent had continued penetration after condom removal. Of the 74 diary respondents, 31 percent applied a condom late and nine percent removed a condom early at least once over a six month period. The odds of 'imperfect' condom use were found to decrease with overall consistency of condom use, confidence in correct condom use, positive reported relationship with mother, non-use of other contraception and desire to use a condom.

          Conclusions: Given that late application and early removal of condoms fail to maximize their effectiveness as a method of STI prevention, it is important to address 'imperfect' condom use and the factors associated with such use in public health policies and programmes. It is essential that young people understand the importance of using condoms consistently and correctly, and are also equipped with the skills and knowledge to do so.

          • condom use
          • condoms
          • sexually transmitted infections
          • timing of condom application and removal
          • young people

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