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The use of serologic titers of IgA and IgG in (early) discrimination between rectal infection with non-LGV and LGV serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis.
  1. Eric van der Snoek (e.vandersnoek{at}erasmusmc.nl)
  1. Erasmus MC, Netherlands
    1. Jacobus Ossewaarde (j.ossewaarde{at}erasmusmc.nl)
    1. Erasmus MC, Netherlands
      1. Willem van der Meijden (w.i.vandermeijden{at}erasmusmc.nl)
      1. Erasmus MC, Netherlands
        1. Paul Mulder (p.mulder{at}erasmusmc.nl)
        1. Erasmus MC, Netherlands
          1. Bing Thio (h.thio{at}erasmusmc.nl)
          1. Erasmus MC, Netherlands

            Abstract

            Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate whether serologic titers of species-specific IgA and IgG antibodies in patients with rectal chlamydial infection could discriminate between infection with serovar L2 lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) and infection with non-LGV serovars.

            Methods: A total of 39 male patients with chlamydial infection of the rectum were tested for titers of IgA and IgG antibodies within 14 days after detection of the infection and 6 and 12 months after adequate treatment. Data were collected concerning demographics, sexual orientation, HIV serostatus, history of chlamydial infection, concomitant STI or HIV infection, hepatitis C virus antibodies and new STIs during follow-up.

            Results: Between May 2003 and November 2005, 24 males with confirmed L2 proctitis and 15 men with non-LGV rectal chlamydial infection were recruited. In multivariable analyses, both high titer of IgA within 14 days after detection of the infection and older age of the individual were significantly associated with L2 proctitis (p < 0.0005 and p = 0.001 respectively). A total sum score of seven times IgA titer plus individual's age ≥ 50.0 resulted in an overall sensitivity of 92% and specificity of 100%. This total sum score was highly accurate for detection of LGV proctitis, with an area under the curve (AUC) in a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.989.

            Conclusions: In this study, an elevated IgA antibody response and the age of the infected individual appeared to be of possible diagnostic value for (early) detection of LGV proctitis.

            • Chlamydia trachomatis
            • antibody response
            • lymphogranuloma venereum
            • rectal infection
            • serovar

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