Objectives: To determine the prevalence and correlates of herpes simplex virus type two (HSV-2) seropositivity among fishermen along Lake Victoria shores in Kisumu district, Kenya.
Methods: Sera from a random sample of 250 fishermen from 18 beaches were collected following a detailed sociodemographic interview. HSV-2 infection was tested by Kalon HSV-2 ELISA.
Results: The HSV-2 seroprevalence was 63.9%. In multivariate analysis, fishermen were more likely to be infected with HSV-2 if they were HIV-positive (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.27; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06, 1.52) as compared to those testing HIV-negative, were 18-20 (PR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.24, 0.99) and older than 40 (PR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.30, 2.14) years of age as compared with those 21-25 years of age, perceived their last two sexual partners to have an sexually transmitted infection (STI) (PR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.52) as compared with those who did not; and were circumcised (PR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.19, 1.86) as compared with those who were not circumcised.
Conclusions: HSV-2 seroprevalence is high among this population and is associated with HIV serostatus, age, perception about partner's STI status, and circumcision.
- Lake Victoria
- Risk Factors