Objective: To develop and evaluate instructional and packaging materials for PDPT.
Methods: 64 patients participated from an urban U.S. STI clinic. The research comprised three phases: 1) individual interviews to elicit attitudes and beliefs regarding PDPT and to assess understanding of key STI related concepts and terminology; 2) development and rapid validation of prototype instructional and packaging materials for PDPT; and 3) interviews to assess effectiveness, acceptability, and usability of the prototype materials. Thematic qualitative data analysis was used to examine interview responses.
Results: Participants were willing to deliver and receive PDPT and several potentially important related beliefs were identified. Participants indicated substantial unfamiliarity with words associated with STI treatment and some variability in definitions of sex partners. PDPT informational materials differentially affected participant willingness to receive (positively) and deliver (negatively) PDPT, positively influenced self-efficacy and understanding, and were perceived as easy to use.
Discussion: PDPT creates complex challenges for education, motivation, and communication. Issues such as appropriate vocabulary and interpersonal trust may be amplified when responsibility for a medical procedure – dispensation of treatment – is shifted to patients. STI PDPT implementation can be augmented with effective, high quality informational and packaging materials; however, several challenges exist.
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