Objective: Our study aimed at estimating the prevalence of inconsistent condom use and at identifying its determinants in steady partnerships among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Cameroon.
Methods: Analyses were based on data collected during the national cross-sectional multicenter survey EVAL (ANRS 12-116), which was conducted in Cameroon between September 2006 and March 2007 among 3,151 adult PLWHA diagnosed HIV-positive for at least 3 months. The study population consisted of the 907 survey participants who reported sexual activity during the previous 3 months, with a steady partner either HIV-negative or of unknown HIV status. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with individuals' report of inconsistent condom use during the previous 3 months.
Results: Inconsistent condom use was reported by 35.3% of sexually active PLWHA. In a multivariate analysis adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) (OR[95%CI]: 2.28[1.64-3.18]) was independently associated with inconsistent condom use.
Conclusions: The prevalence of unsafe sex remains high among sexually active PLWHA in Cameroon. Treatment with ART is identified as a factor associated with safer sex, which further encourages the continuation of the national policy for increasing access to HIV treatment and care, and underlines the need to develop counseling strategies for all patients.