HIV intertest interval among MSM in King County, Washington
- David A Katz1,
- Julia C Dombrowski2,3,
- Fred Swanson4,
- Susan E Buskin1,3,
- Matthew R Golden1,2,3,
- Joanne D Stekler1,2,3
- 1Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
- 2Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
- 3HIV/STD Program, Public Health, Seattle & King County, Seattle, Washington, USA
- 4Gay City Health Project, Seattle, Washington, USA
- Correspondence to Mr David A Katz, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359909, Seattle, WA 98104, USA;
Contributors DK, MG and JS designed the study. DK analysed the data. All authors contributed to the manuscript.
- Accepted 6 April 2012
- Published Online First 5 May 2012
Objectives The authors examined temporal trends and correlates of HIV testing frequency among men who have sex with men (MSM) in King County, Washington.
Methods The authors evaluated data from MSM testing for HIV at the Public Health—Seattle & King County (PHSKC) STD Clinic and Gay City Health Project (GCHP) and testing history data from MSM in PHSKC HIV surveillance. The intertest interval (ITI) was defined as the number of days between the last negative HIV test and the current testing visit or first positive test. Correlates of the log10-transformed ITI were determined using generalised estimating equations linear regression.
Results Between 2003 and 2010, the median ITI among MSM seeking HIV testing at the STD Clinic and GCHP were 215 (IQR: 124–409) and 257 (IQR: 148–503) days, respectively. In multivariate analyses, younger age, having only male partners and reporting ≥10 male sex partners in the last year were associated with shorter ITIs at both testing sites (p<0.05). Among GCHP attendees, having a regular healthcare provider, seeking a test as part of a regular schedule and inhaled nitrite use in the last year were also associated with shorter ITIs (p<0.001). Compared with MSM testing HIV negative, MSM newly diagnosed with HIV had longer ITIs at the STD Clinic (median of 278 vs 213 days, p=0.01) and GCHP (median 359 vs 255 days, p=0.02).
Conclusions Although MSM in King County appear to be testing at frequent intervals, further efforts are needed to reduce the time that HIV-infected persons are unaware of their status.
- HIV screening
- men who have sex with men
- testing frequency
- late diagnosis
- HIV testing
- gay men
- partner notification
- epidemiology (clinical)
- Chlamydia infection
- primary HIV infected
Funding This work was supported by the US National Institute of Mental Health grant number R01 MH086360.
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Data from the PHSKC STD Clinic and PHSKC HIV Surveillance were determined to be exempt from the human subjects regulations by the University of Washington Institutional Review Board. We were granted a waiver of informed consent for the use of data from the Gay City Health Project.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the University of Washington Human Subjects Division.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.