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Type-specific Human papillomavirus infection among heterosexual males examined by peniscopy
  1. Shirley Maria Sanches Navarro Marques1,
  2. Duizio Ferreira Marques1,
  3. Carlos Eurico dos Santos Fernandes2,
  4. Ilzia Doraci Lins Scapulatempo2,
  5. Alda Maria Teixeira Ferreira2,
  6. Cacilda Tezelli Junqueira Padovani2,
  7. Ana Paula Machado3,
  8. Flávia Gatto de Almeida3,
  9. Inês Aparecida Tozetti3
  1. 1Program of Health and Development from Center West Region, Medicine School, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  2. 2Biological and Health Center, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Cidade Universitária, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  3. 3Program of Infectious and Parasitary Diseases from Medicine School, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul/UFMS, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
  1. Correspondence to Dr Inês Aparecida Tozetti, Program of Health and Development from Center West Region, Medicine School, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil; ines.tozetti{at}ufms.br

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Men are the primary link in the Human papillomavirus (HPV) epidemic chain. They act as both bearers and transmitters of HPV, contributing substantially to the increase in HPV incidence and the increased risk of cervical cancer. Less frequently, HPV causes the development of penis or anal cancer.1 The results of previous HPV studies in men have shown inconsistent prevalence ranging from 0% to –73%.2 The aim of this study was to determine whether there were any associations between peniscopy (a suggested test for HPV detection), the frequency of HPV DNA detection, and the primary viral types present in men who sought …

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