rss
Sex Transm Infect doi:10.1136/sextrans-2012-050831
  • Clinical
  • Short report

Sexual and reproductive health in a UK cohort of young adults perinatally infected with HIV

  1. Sarah Fidler3
  1. 1Jefferiss Wing, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
  2. 2Royal Free Campus, University College London, London, UK
  3. 3900 Clinic, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Adam P Croucher, Jefferiss Wing, St Mary's Hospital, Praed Street, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London W2 1NY, UK; a.croucher{at}imperial.ac.uk
  • Received 13 September 2013
  • Revised 27 January 2013
  • Accepted 27 January 2013
  • Published Online First 23 February 2013

Abstract

Objectives To assess sexual health and behaviour outcomes of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV-1 (PaHIV), and audit sexual health interventions against published standards of care.

Methods Retrospective case note audit of 16–25-year-olds with PaHIV attending a dedicated transition clinic from January 2005 to 2011.

Results Fifty-two young adults, 31 women, median age 20 years. 41 were sexually active; median age of coitarche 16 years. Median number of lifetime partners was 3.5, and five reported non-consensual sex. All had a sexually transmitted infection (STI) screen; 6 were diagnosed with an STI, genital warts (human papilloma virus) most frequently. The median interval from coitarche to first STI screen was 2 years. The pregnancy incidence was 103 per 1000 person years. 18/25 (72%) sexually active women had a cervical smear, four had colposcopy. All patients had hepatitis B virus (HBV) serology. 47 had not been vaccinated against HBV prior to transition. 23 completed HBV vaccination of which 11 had surface antibody >100 IU/ml at 1 year.

Conclusions The majority of our cohort was sexually active while still under the care of paediatric health services. Cervical screening and hepatitis B vaccination rates fell short of audit standards. Vaccination for hepatitis B should be considered prior to transfer of care to adult HIV services.