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Modern diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis infection
  1. Marcia M Hobbs1,2,
  2. Arlene C Seña1
  1. 1Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Marcia M Hobbs, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA; mmhobbs{at}med.unc.edu

Abstract

Recent advances in tests for the sexually transmitted protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis have increased opportunities for diagnosis and treatment of this important sexually transmitted infection. This review summarises currently available tests, highlighting their performance characteristics, advantages and limitations. The recent development of molecular tests for the detection of T vaginalis, including rapid antigen detection and nucleic acid amplification tests, has significantly improved the quality of diagnostics for trichomoniasis, particularly in women. In light of the expanded menu of testing options now available, improved recognition and better control of trichomoniasis are in sight, which should enable the eventual reduction of adverse reproductive consequences associated with T vaginalis infection.

  • Trichomonas
  • Diagnosis
  • Testing
  • Laboratory methods
  • Molecular techniques

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