Article Text

other Versions

Original article
Effectiveness of treatment to improve pregnancy outcomes among women with syphilis in Zhejiang Province, China
  1. Xiao-Hui Zhang1,
  2. Jian Xu1,
  3. Dan-Qing Chen1,
  4. Li-Fang Guo2,
  5. Li-Qian Qiu1
  1. 1Women's Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China
  2. 2Women Hospital of Hang Zhou, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Li-Qian Qiu, Department of Women's Health, Women's Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University, No. 1 Xueshi Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, People's Republic of China; xiaoluzi521{at}


Objectives To determine the effectiveness of treatment in improving pregnancy outcomes among women with syphilis.

Methods This is a retrospective study based on the provincial prevention of mother-to-child transmission of syphilis database. All women with syphilis with singleton pregnancies were recruited. We evaluated their pregnancy outcomes by group-specific analyses according to their treatment time and adequacy.

Results The syphilis prevalence among pregnant women was 0.3% (4214/1 338 739) in Zhejiang Province, China, during 2013–2014, considering all live births and abortions. Women with singleton pregnancies (3767) were included in the study, including live births and stillbirths (≥28 weeks). The treatment coverage for all women with syphilis was 80.2% (3022/3767), and 68.2% (2062/3022) of the women were treated adequately. Of 745 infants born to untreated pregnant women with syphilis, 1.2% manifested pneumonia, 2.7% asphyxia, 1.6% birth defects, 3.8% congenital syphilis (CS), 14.2% were preterm, 10.1% had low birth weight (LBW) and 3.1% experienced perinatal death. The risks of asphyxia (OR=2.7), CS (OR=3.1), preterm birth (OR=1.5), LBW (OR=1.9) and perinatal death (OR=3.1) were much higher in infants born to mothers treated inadequately than from those treated adequately. Moreover, mothers with syphilis who initiated treatment in the third trimester suffered an increased risk for asphyxia (OR=3.0), CS (OR=6.0) and LBW (OR=1.7) compared with those who initiated treatment in the first trimester.

Conclusions Early and adequate treatment could improve the adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with syphilis.


Statistics from

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.