Table 2

Multivariate model of participant and partnership characteristics associated with notifying partner 2 weeks after baseline survey (prospective model)

MalesFemales
Adjusted OR*95% CIAdjusted OR*95% CI
Characteristics of participants
 Age
 24 years or younger1.001.00
 Older than 24 years1.340.59 to 3.031.490.61 to 3.62
Education
 Not completed grade 121.001.00
 Completed grade 121.100.47 to 2.600.970.21 to 4.42
 Post-grade 12 education0.780.32 to 1.950.230.06 to 0.85
STI symptoms: ulcer
 No1.001.00
 Yes0.360.11 to 1.121.340.24 to 7.40
STI symptoms: discharge
 No1.001.00
 Yes0.620.29 to 1.331.280.35 to 4.72
STI symptoms: burning urine
 No1.001.00
 Yes0.620.21 to 1.841.250.44 to 3.59
HIV status, participant report
 Negative or unknown1.001.00
 Positive1.130.32 to 3.990.350.15 to 0.82
Alcohol use, past 3 months
 Non-drinkers1.001.00
 Drinkers0.140.04 to 0.501.270.34 to 4.78
 Heavy drinkers0.300.09 to 1.021.660.46 to 6.01
Drug use past 3 months
 No1.001.00
 Yes3.041.48 to 6.260.490.08 to 2.91
Characteristics of partnerships
 Age differential
 Participant younger2.021.06 to 3.851.190.09 to 15.26
 Similar age1.001.00
 Participant older1.670.69 to 4.040.700.31 to 1.55
Type of sex partner
 Once-off1.001.00
 Casual1.170.54 to 2.551.940.51 to 7.43
 Main5.182.37 to 11.3320.414.64 to 89.72
Transactional sex
 No1.001.00
 Yes0.730.28 to 1.952.980.84 to 10.59
Victim of physical IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes0.480.11 to 2.19
Victim of sexual IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes0.490.15 to 1.58
Victim of emotional IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes1.750.38 to 7.99
Perpetrator of physical IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes2.221.00 to 4.93
Perpetrator of sexual IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes1.260.49 to 3.22
Perpetrator of emotional IPV, past 3 months
 No1.00
 Yes0.850.39 to 1.86
  • *ORs are adjusted for all other factors in the model, for clustering, and for trial condition.

  • IPV, intimate partner violence.