Table 1

Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors of MSM participants in the AURAH and AURAH2 studies

CategoryClassificationAURAH n=991 MSM n (%) (95% CI)AURAH2 n=1031 MSM n (%) (95% CI)P value*
Age (years)<25147 (14.8%) (12.8% to 17.2%)253 (24.5%) (22.0% to 27.3%)<0.001
25–29244 (24.6%) (22.0% to 27.4%)183 (17.7%) (15.5% to 20.2%)
30–34197 (19.9%) (17.5% to 22.5%)205 (19.9%) (17.5% to 22.4%)
35–39128 (12.9%) (10.9% to 15.1%)139 (13.5%) (11.5% to 15.7%)
40–44103 (10.4%) (8.6% to 12.4%)105 (10.1%) (8.4% to 12.1%)
45+160 (16.2%) (13.9% to 18.6%)139 (13.4) (11.5% to 15.7%)
Missing12 (1.2%) (0.7% to 2.1%)7 (0.7%) (0.3% to 1.4%)
Born in the UK and white ethnicityYes, white493 (49.8%) (46.6% to 52.8%)494 (47.9%) (44.9% to 50.9%)0.543
Yes, non-white57 (5.7%) (4.4% to 7.4%)55 (5.3%) (4.1% to 6.8%)
No, white309 (31.2%) (28.4% to 38.1%)336 (32.6%) (29.7% to 35.5%)
No, non-white120 (12.1%) (10.2% to 14.3%)139 (13.5%) (11.5% to 15.7%)
Missing12 (1.2%) (0.7% to 2.1%)7 (0.7%) (0.3% to 1.4%)
Self-reported sexualityGay891 (89.9%) (87.7% to 91.6%)956 (92.7%) (90.9% to 94.1%)0.005
Bisexual/other97 (9.8%) (8.1% to 11.8%)66 (6.4%) (5.1% to 8.1%)
Missing3 (0.3%) (0.09% to 0.9%)9 (0.9%) (0.4% to 1.6%)
Money to cover basic needsAll of the time737 (74.4%) (71.5% to 76.9%)789 (76.6%) (73.8% to 79.0%)0.432
Most of the time199 (20.1%) (17.7% to 22.7%)180 (17.4) (15.3% to 19.9%)
Sometimes/no53 (5.3%) (4.1% to 6.9%)61 (5.9) (4.6% to 7.5%)
Missing2 (0.2%) (0.05% to 0.8%)1 (0.1%) (0.01% to 0.6%)
University educationYes706 (71.3%) (68.3% to 73.9%)769 (74.6%) (71.8% to 77.2%)0.238
No284 (28.6%) (25.9% to 31.5%)261 (25.3%) (22.7% to 28.1%)
Missing1 (0.1%) (0.01% to 0.7%)1 (0.1%) (0.01% to 0.6%)
EmployedYes795 (80.2%) (77.6% to 82.6%)852 (82.6%) (80.2% to 84.8%)0.293
No184 (18.6%) (16.3% to 21.1%)171 (16.6%) (14.4% to 18.9%)
Missing12 (1.2%) (0.6% to 2.1%)8 (0.8%) (0.3% to 1.5%)
Housing statusHome owner284 (28.6%) (25.9% to 31.5%)272 (26.6%) (23.7% to 29.1%)0.51
Renting565 (57.0%) (53.9% to 60.1%)610 (59.8%) (56.1% to 62.1%)
Unstable/other128 (12.9%) (10.9% to 15.2%)139 (13.6%) (11.5% to 15.7%)
Missing14 (1.4%) (0.8% to 2.3%)10 (0.9%) (0.5% to 1.7%)
Ongoing relationship statusYes422 (42.5%) (39.5% to 45.7%)412 (39.9%) (37.0% to 42.9%)0.231
No569 (57.4%) (54.3 % to 60.5 %)618 (59.9%) (57.0 % to 62.9 %)
Missing01 (0.1%) (0.01 % to 0.6 %)
Higher-risk alcohol consumption (WHO AUDIT ≥6)†Yes121 (12.2%) (10.3% to 14.4%)93 (9.0%) (7.4% to 10.9%)0.061
No865 (87.3%) (85.1% to 89.2%)933 (90.5%) (88.5% to 92.1%)
Missing5 (0.5%) (0.2% to 1.2%)5 (0.5%) (0.2% to 1.1%)
Clinically significant depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 score ≥10) ‡Yes109 (11%) (9.1% to 13.1%)128 (12.4%) (10.5% to 14.5%)0.322
No882 (89%) (86.9% to 90.8%)903 (87.6%) (85.4% to 89.4%)
Clinically significant anxiety symptoms (GAD7** score ≥10)‡Yes86 (8.7%) (7.1% to 10.6%)118 (11.4%) (9.6% to 13.5%)0.039
No905 (91.3%) (89.4% to 92.9%)913 (88.6%) (86.5% to 90.3%)
  • *P value by χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test where appropriate.

  • †Higher-risk drinking is based on the first three questions of the WHO AUDIT-C questionnaire. Higher-risk drinking is indicated by a score of ≥6 and lower-risk drinking/no alcohol consumption by a score of <6 .

  • ‡All included participants completed at least one answer in this section of the questionnaire, providing a minimum score of at least 1.

  • * * GAD7 (Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7)

  • AURAH, Attitudes to and Understanding Risk of Acquisition of HIV; AURAH2, Attitudes to and Understanding Risk of Acquisition of HIV over Time; MSM, men who have sex with men.