Of 84 men with non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU), 24 yielded Chlamydia trachomatis by either cell culture or MicroTrak immunofluorescence test. All 84 were treated with bacampicillin 800 mg twice a day for seven days. Five (one chlamydia positive) defaulted from follow up 10 to 14 days after the start of treatment. Of the 23 chlamydia positive patients who attended follow up, 22 became chlamydia negative; 14 of the 23 patients also became asymptomatic and had normal urethral smears. Of the 56 chlamydia negative patients who attended follow up, 21 were cleared of their urethritis. Two patients reported side effects; one drowsiness and one mild diffuse alopecia. Bacampicillin may therefore be a safe and effective alternative to tetracycline or erythromycin in treating chlamydial urethritis in men.
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