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Prevalence of different HIV-1 subtypes in an urban clinic in Madrid
  1. J C Martin,
  2. A Holguin,
  3. V Soriano

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    The introduction of non-B HIV-1 variants into Western Europe and North America is of great concern since diagnostic tools and drugs are mainly optimised for targeting HIV-1 subtype B viruses. Madrid is an endemic area for HIV, and either the final destination or transient location for many immigrants from HIV-1 non-B endemic areas (mainly from Africa and South America). From a total of 902 HIV seropositive individuals examined since June 1999, only 27 (3%) were found to be infected with non-B HIV variants. However, up to 71.4% of African immigrants carried non-B viruses. Therefore, HIV subtyping should be requested from all HIV infected African immigrants before considering viral load testing and recommending antiretroviral therapy.

    (Sex Transm Inf 2002;78:e1)


    • Sexually Transmitted Infections receives an increasing number of articles relating to prevalence of STIs or the performance of various syndromic management protocols in different populations. While these are very important for policymakers and clinicians locally, they tend to have limited applicability to other populations. For this reason we will publish these articles, after peer review, in full through eSTI. The paper edition of the journal will feature full abstracts in the “global view” section.