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Diverse realities: sexually transmitted infections and HIV in India
  1. S Hawkes1,
  2. K G Santhya2
  1. 1Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK
  2. 2Population Council India, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Sarah Hawkes, Clinical Research Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK


There are many features that make India a vulnerable country as far as a sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV epidemic is concerned. These include the lack of a strong evidence base on which to formulate decision making, a pluralistic and often unregulated health sector, and a highly vulnerable population. Nonetheless, India has shown strong commitment to other areas of a comprehensive reproductive health care programme, and may be able to do so in the field of STI/HIV control. Vast numbers of people in India are severely disadvantaged in terms of income, education, power structures, and gender. Addressing these basic issues of human rights lies at the core of achieving better health outcomes.

  • sexually transmitted disease
  • India
  • HIV

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