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We report a case of HIV transmission through sexual intercourse while the sexual partner underwent antiretroviral structured treatment interruption. We would like to underline that giving proper information about a higher contamination risk during structured treatment interruption is a critical issue. Moreover, we consider that it is the responsibility of a medical investigator and physician to deliver a clear message in order to reinforce prophylaxis indications for sexual intercourse during this period.
A patient was infected with HIV for 9 years when he started HAART. At this time, his CD4 count was 280 × 106/l and plasma viral load was 5.1 log10/ml. A first structured treatment interruption (2 months’ duration) was proposed after 2 years, while plasma viral load was undetectable. He was …