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Countries in the early post-war phase face population movements contributing to increased vulnerability for sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and HIV. Mozambique chose geographically focused interventions to control STD spread in the first post-war years.
Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world in 1993 with per capita GNP of US$63 and life expectancy of 48 years.1
Seventeen years of civil war and economic crisis destabilised the country causing massive population movements towards urban areas and neighbouring countries. Between 1992 and 1995, an estimated 1.7 million refugees from Malawi, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Zambia, and Swaziland returned, soldiers were demobilised, and internally displaced people resettled.2 The war destroyed the health infrastructure, especially …