An HIV positive black African woman presented with widespread lymphadenopathy and pancytopenia that had been ascribed to tuberculosis. Lymph node biopsy showed both Kaposi’s sarcoma and multicentric Castleman’s disease. Despite antiretroviral therapy and chemotherapy the patient deteriorated, developing confusion and dysphasia. A cranial magnetic resonance scan showed central pontine myelinolysis. Despite supportive therapy the patient died.
- pontine myelinolysis
- Castleman’s disease
- Kaposi’s sarcoma
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