Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Was the Papanicolaou smear responsible for the decline of Trichomonas vaginalis?
  1. F J Bowden
  1. Australian National University and Canberra Sexual Health Centre, PO Box 11, Woden ACT, Australia 2605;

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

    There has been a dramatic decline in the prevalence of trichomoniasis in Australia over the past 30 years. In 1979, 17.8% of women attending a Sydney STI clinic had Trichomonas vaginalis infection.1 By 1998 less than 1% of non-Indigenous women presenting to family planning and STI clinics in another jurisdiction were diagnosed with the condition2 and most Australian urban pathology laboratories do not diagnose a case from one year to the next. Similar observations have been reported elsewhere: the rate of detection of trichomoniasis in Papanicolaou (Pap) smears in Denmark fell from 19% in 1967 to <2% in 1997, …

    View Full Text


    • Conflict of interest: None.