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Awareness of human papillomavirus among women attending a well woman clinic
  1. J Waller1,
  2. K McCaffery1,3,
  3. S Forrest1,
  4. A Szarewski2,
  5. L Cadman2,
  6. J Wardle1
  1. 1Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, 2–16 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  2. 2Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Epidemiology, Cancer Research UK, 61 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, UK
  3. 3Screening and Test Evaluation Program, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  1. Correspondence to:
    Jo Waller, CRUK Health Behaviour Unit, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, UCL, 2–16 Torrington Place, London WC1E 6BT, UK;


Objectives: To assess the level and accuracy of public understanding of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the United Kingdom.

Methods: Women attending a well woman clinic were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing HPV awareness and specific knowledge about the virus.

Results: Questionnaires were completed by 1032 women, of whom 30% had heard of HPV. Older women, non-smokers, and those with a history of candida, genital warts, or an abnormal smear result were more likely to have heard of HPV. Even among those who had heard of HPV, knowledge was generally poor, and fewer than half were aware of the link with cervical cancer. There was also confusion about whether condoms or oral contraceptives could protect against HPV infection.

Conclusions: In this relatively well educated sample, awareness and knowledge of HPV were poor. Public education is urgently needed so that women participating in cervical cancer screening are fully informed about the meaning of their results, especially if HPV testing is soon to be introduced.

  • human papillomavirus
  • public understanding
  • cervical screening

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