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Bacteria of the species Chlamydia trachomatis are divided into serovars that are associated with different disease manifestations. Serovars A-C cause trachoma, which occurs mainly in undeveloped countries. Serovars D-K are responsible for oculogenital infections, and serovars L1, L2, and L3 cause lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). Infections of serovars A-K are usually confined to the mucosal epithelia of the eyes and the anogenital tract. In contrast, the L-serovars are more invasive and may induce genital ulcer or inguinal lymphadenopathy after passing the epithelial surface.1
While serovars D-K are distributed worldwide and represent the most frequent bacterial sexually transmitted disease in Europe and North America, LGV caused by the L-serovars is a very rare …