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There are two major reasons to diagnose asymptomatic HIV infection: to facilitate timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy, and to reduce the chance of onward transmission. A negative test offers an opportunity for preventive health promotion. All these aspects of testing require follow up by suitably trained personnel. We describe a case illustrating the hazards of self testing for HIV.
A 31 year old British heterosexual man attended the genitourinary medicine clinic requesting an HIV test. His last sexual contact was 3 weeks earlier with a female partner of 3 months. He had recently learnt that she had had a previous male partner who had had African sexual partners and therefore may be at higher risk of having HIV infection. He obtained a home HIV test kit (“Discreet” HIV Home Test Kit, Seville Marketing Ltd) from a Canadian based internet site and this result was positive. On further inquiry he gave a history of sore throat and swollen cervical …
There are no conflicts of interest.
Ethics: A signed statement of consent to publish was obtained from the patient.