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National study of HIV testing in men who have sex with men attending genitourinary clinics in the United Kingdom
  1. H L Munro1,
  2. C M Lowndes1,
  3. D G Daniels2,
  4. A K Sullivan3,
  5. A J Robinson4
  1. 1
    Centre for Infections, Health Protection Agency, London, UK
  2. 2
    West Middlesex University Hospital, London, UK
  3. 3
    John Hunter Clinic for Sexual Health, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
  4. 4
    Mortimer Market Centre, London, UK
  1. H L Munro, Department of HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Centre for Infections (CfI), Health Protection Agency, 61 Colindale Avenue, Colindale, London NW9 5EQ, UK; helen_munro{at}


Objectives: To determine what proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) attending genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics are offered and accept an HIV test and to examine clinic and patient characteristics associated with offer and uptake.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of all GUM clinics in the United Kingdom, involving a case note review of up to 30 patient records per clinic and the completion of a clinic policy form.

Results: Overall, 86% of MSM were offered a test and of those 82% accepted a test. Attending with symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection (STI), fewer numbers of partners in the past three months and having tested previously were all independently associated with a decreased likelihood of being offered a test. Attending with symptoms of an STI, increasing age, never having had a risk from unprotected anal intercourse or a previous HIV test and increasing time to wait for results were all independently associated with a decreased likelihood of a patient accepting a test. Only a quarter of clinics reported a written policy for HIV testing intervals among MSM; however, all clinics reported offering testing to all new MSM patients at first screening. The testing policy for re-attending patients was less clear.

Conclusions: Testing must reach those at most risk and those less likely to test in order to reduce further the proportion of undiagnosed HIV infection. This study suggests that opportunities to detect infection may be being missed and a move towards universal testing of all MSM attending with a new episode, as well as testing within the window period, is recommended.

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  • Competing interests: None.

  • Contributors: HLM was lead author on the paper. The idea was conceived by AJR, DGD, AKS and CML. The questionnaires were developed by HLM, DGD and CML. HLM undertook data collection and performed all the data analysis. All authors contributed to data interpretation and the write up of the paper. Preliminary data were presented at the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Conference, London, 2005.