Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Changes in condom use behaviours among clients of female sex workers in China
  1. J T F Lau1,
  2. S P Wan2,
  3. X N Yu1,
  4. F Cheng3,
  5. Y Zhang4,
  6. N Wang5,
  7. L Zhang6,
  8. J Zhang7
  1. 1
    Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  2. 2
    Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu, China
  3. 3
    China Office of Family Health International, Beijing, China
  4. 4
    Management Office of China-UK HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project, Beijing, China
  5. 5
    National Center for AIDS/STDs Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
  6. 6
    Sichuan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu, China
  7. 7
    West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
  1. Joseph T F Lau, Director of Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. 5/F., School of Public Health, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong; jlau{at}


Background: Clients of female sex workers (CFSWs) are at risk for HIV transmission; relevant surveillance and interventions for this vulnerable group are scarce. The China-UK HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project launched an enhanced intervention programme involving peer education, seminars, testing services and social gatherings and so forth, and two behavioural surveillance studies (BSS) targeting CFSWs in Suining, Sichuan.

Methods: Two cross-sectional BSS (a baseline survey and an evaluative survey) were conducted in September 2005 and May 2006, respectively. In total, 356 and 372 respondents who patronised some low-end sex services were interviewed by peer interviewers. Another triangulation condom audit exercise was conducted in June 2006.

Results: Prevalence of respondents using at least one prevention service increased from 50.3% in 2005 to 68.5% in 2006 (AOR = 2.2). Respondents of the evaluative survey compared with their counterparts of the baseline survey had lower prevalence of inconsistent condom users in the last 6 months (44.1% vs 77.0%; AOR = 0.2) and higher prevalence of condom use in the last episode of commercial sex (78.0% vs 41.5%; AOR = 4.9). The triangulation audit showed that condoms were used by 73.8% of CFSWs. The multivariate analysis shows that year of study (OR = 0.3), self-reported sexually transmitted disease symptoms (OR = 2.9), use of face-to-face counselling services (OR = 0.5) and so forth were significantly associated with inconsistent condom use during commercial sex in the last 6 months.

Conclusions: Condom use and service use behaviours changed in the study population over a time period when an enhanced intervention programme was implemented. Such effective programmes may be applied to other locations in China.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Funding: This study was supported by the UK’s Department for International Development and Family Health International (China-UK HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project).

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Ethics approval: The study was approved by Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China.

  • Contributors: JTFL is responsible for conceptualisation, write-up and finalisation of the paper. SPW took part in conceptualisation and data collection of the study. XNY performed data analysis and assisted in drafting and editing the paper. FC, YZ, NW, LZ, and JZ were in charge of data collection and quality control of the study, and interpretation of the study findings.