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Case report
Syphilis consequences and implications in delayed diagnosis: five cases of secondary syphilis presenting with ocular symptoms
  1. Eavan G Muldoon1,
  2. Aideen Hogan2,
  3. Dara Kilmartin2,
  4. Cora McNally1,
  5. Colm Bergin1,3
  1. 1Department of Genitourinary Medicine and Infectious Diseases, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  2. 2Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  3. 3Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Eavan Muldoon, Department of Genitourinary Medicine and Infectious Diseases, St James's Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland; eavan{at}


Ocular manifestations of syphilis are uncommon. Five cases of ocular syphilis are presented, in four of which there was a delay in diagnosis. Four of the patients were men who have sex with men (MSM), and four patients were HIV negative.

  • Syphilis
  • T pallidum
  • ophthalmic
  • ocular
  • MSM, gay men
  • oculo-genital infec
  • syphilis

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.