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Lot quality assurance sampling for monitoring coverage and quality of a targeted condom social marketing programme in traditional and non-traditional outlets in India
  1. Bram Piot1,
  2. Amajit Mukherjee2,
  3. Deepa Navin2,
  4. Nattu Krishnan3,
  5. Ashish Bhardwaj4,
  6. Vivek Sharma2,
  7. Pritpal Marjara5
  1. 1Population Services International, Research & Metrics Department, Washington, DC, USA
  2. 2Population Services International, Research Department, New Delhi, India
  3. 3Population Services International, Marketing Department, Chennai, India
  4. 4Population Services International, Marketing Department, New Delhi, India
  5. 5National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Amajit Mukherjee, Population Services International, Tower A, Building No 10, DLF Cyber City, Gurgaon 122001, India; amajit{at}


Objectives This study reports on the results of a large-scale targeted condom social marketing campaign in and around areas where female sex workers are present. The paper also describes the method that was used for the routine monitoring of condom availability in these sites.

Methods The lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) method was used for the assessment of the geographical coverage and quality of coverage of condoms in target areas in four states and along selected national highways in India, as part of Avahan, the India AIDS initiative.

Results A significant general increase in condom availability was observed in the intervention area between 2005 and 2008. High coverage rates were gradually achieved through an extensive network of pharmacies and particularly of non-traditional outlets, whereas traditional outlets were instrumental in providing large volumes of condoms.

Conclusion LQAS is seen as a valuable tool for the routine monitoring of the geographical coverage and of the quality of delivery systems of condoms and of health products and services in general. With a relatively small sample size, easy data collection procedures and simple analytical methods, it was possible to inform decision-makers regularly on progress towards coverage targets.

  • Condoms
  • control programmes
  • HIV
  • prevention

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