Background Current Sexual education program in country wide Colombia has been analysed. Conceptual frame of pedagogical approaches used in the program was analysed as well. Other issues including context, background, gender and social class were the main aspects evaluated.
Methods Qualitative research methods were performed for this pedagogical evaluation. Four phases were developed during the evaluation: Data collection (documentary analysis of official documents and 40 in-depth interviews with teachers and government employees) information organisation, analyse/critical evaluation and result dissemination.
Results The results show that Program's main approach is competence-based education. Results of this research suggest that program intends to arrange and to conduct people's sexual life. Values underling program's approach are those of a society looking for order, stability and individual freedom. Narrow analyses of sex-gender duality predominate such as: permanent monogamy, mandatory heterosexuality and marriage keeping an eye on different options for sexual practice. Sexuality presented in the program reflects the moral values of the prevailing group. Current implemented program is clearly the expression of the Colombian government ideological perspective leaded by the elites. Controlling and oppressive approaches for the vast majority were identified as being an important axis of evaluated program.
Conclusions New citizenship construction in a Latin American country implies abandon of existing racial, sexual, and class-based educational approaches. This requires the implementation of a wide approach underlying elimination of ideological and material conditions driving to different forms of oppression, subjugation or marginalisation. Design of educational programs must consider historical, social, economic and politic context in which people live. States should be able to guaranty human rights.
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