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Men are the primary link in the human papillomavirus (HPV) epidemic chain. They act as both bearers and transmitters of HPV, contributing substantially to the increase in HPV incidence and the increased risk of cervical cancer. Less frequently, HPV causes the development of penis or anal cancer.1 The results of previous HPV studies in men have shown inconsistent prevalence ranging from 0% to –73%.2 The aim of this study was to determine whether there were any associations between peniscopy (a suggested test for HPV detection), the frequency of HPV DNA detection, and the primary viral types present in men who sought …
Contributors SMSN, IAT: conceived the study; SMSN, IDLS, DFM: oversaw specimen and data collection; ATF, CTJP, APM: performed the laboratory studies; CEF: analyzed the data. SMSN: prepared the first draft of the manuscript. All authors: reviewed, revised, and contributed to the draft manuscript.
Funding This study received funding from the Foundation to Support Development of Education, Science, and Technology, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (Fundect-MS).
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval Approval provided by the Committee of Ethics in Research with Human Beings of Universidade Federal do Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (Number 1422 06/08/2009).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.