Background Adolescents who experience pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are highly likely to experience adverse reproductive health outcomes. Some adolescents might benefit from intensive clinical services to prevent recurrent disease and/or associated sequelae such as chronic pelvic pain (CPP). The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and baseline biological outcomes with subsequent reproductive health outcomes.
Methods We conducted secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the 386 young women ≤ 21 years of age enrolled in the Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Clinical Evaluation and Health (PEACH) Trial. Demographic and reproductive health histories, SF-12 HRQL assessments, and biological samples for sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing (Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC)) were provided at baseline and follow-up research visits. Stepwise linear regression analyses were conducted to assess differences in HRQL over time, baseline HRQL and reproductive health outcomes, and baseline STI status and 32-month HRQL outcomes.
Results There were significant improvements in mean physical health (PH) and mental health (MH) HRQL scores from 5-days to 32 months (PH: 61.7 vs. 79.4, MH: 58.3 vs. 68.6, p < 0. 001). While the 5-day HRQL was not predictive of CPP at 32 months, women who had recurrent STI/PID over 32 months had lower 5-day mental health composite and physical functioning subscale scores. Women with non-GC/CT PID at baseline had lower 32-month HRQL composite scores for physical and mental functioning than those with GC/CT positivity at baseline.
Conclusions Lower baseline HRQL scores are associated with recurrent STI/PID and non-GC/CT PID is associated with lower HRQL at 32 months. Additional work exploring the potential use of baseline biological STI outcomes and HRQL to enhance risk delineation during service delivery for vulnerable young women with mild-moderate PID is warranted.
- Adverse Outcomes
- pelvic inflammatory disease
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