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Original article
The clinical and cost-effectiveness of brief advice for excessive alcohol consumption among people attending sexual health clinics: a randomised controlled trial
  1. Mike J Crawford1,
  2. Rahil Sanatinia1,
  3. Barbara Barrett2,
  4. Sarah Byford2,
  5. Madeleine Dean1,
  6. John Green3,
  7. Rachael Jones4,
  8. Baptiste Leurent5,
  9. Michael J Sweeting6,
  10. Robin Touquet7,
  11. Linda Greene7,
  12. Peter Tyrer1,
  13. Helen Ward8,
  14. Anne Lingford-Hughes9
  1. 1Centre for Mental Health, Imperial College, London, UK
  2. 2Centre for the Economics of Mental and Physical Health, King's College London, London, UK
  3. 3Central and North West London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  4. 4Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
  5. 5PRIMENT Clinical Trials Unit, University College, London, UK
  6. 6MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK
  7. 7Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK
  8. 8School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, UK
  9. 9Centre for Neuropsychopharamacology, Imperial College, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Mike Crawford, Centre for Mental Health, Imperial College London, Claybrook Centre, 37, Claybrook Road, London W6 8LN, UK; m.crawford{at}imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

Objectives To examine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of brief advice for excessive alcohol consumption among people who attend sexual health clinics.

Methods Two-arm, parallel group, assessor blind, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. 802 people aged 19 years or over who attended one of three sexual health clinics and were drinking excessively were randomised to either brief advice or control treatment. Brief advice consisted of feedback on alcohol and health, written information and an offer of an appointment with an Alcohol Health Worker. Control participants received a leaflet on health and lifestyle. The primary outcome was mean weekly alcohol consumption during the previous 90 days measured 6 months after randomisation. The main secondary outcome was unprotected sex during this period.

Results Among the 402 randomised to brief advice, 397 (99%) received it. The adjusted mean difference in alcohol consumption at 6 months was −2.33 units per week (95% CI −4.69 to 0.03, p=0.053) among those in the active compared to the control arm of the trial. Unprotected sex was reported by 154 (53%) of those who received brief advice, and 178 (59%) controls (adjusted OR=0.89, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.25, p=0.496). There were no significant differences in costs between study groups at 6 months.

Conclusions Introduction of universal screening and brief advice for excessive alcohol use among people attending sexual health clinics does not result in clinically important reductions in alcohol consumption or provide a cost-effective use of resources.

Trial registration number Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN 99963322.

  • Sexual Behaviour
  • Substance Misuse
  • Clinical Trials

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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