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Targeting core groups for gonorrhoea control: feasibility and impact
  1. Katia Giguère1,2,
  2. Michel Alary1,2,3
  1. 1Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Québec, Canada
  2. 2Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
  3. 3Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Québec, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Michel Alary, Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Hôpital du Saint-Sacrement, 1050, chemin Sainte-Foy, Québec, Canada G1S 4L8; michel.alary{at}


Objective We aimed to outline why core groups should be targeted in Neisseria gonorrhoeae control and suggest several important and timely interventions to target core groups while highly resistant strains are spreading.

Methods Core group definition, feasibility and impact of gonorrhoea core group interventions as well as gonorrhoea resistance development have been reviewed in the paper.

Results Core group interventions have proven effective in gonorrhoea control in the past but are compromised by the spread of highly resistant strains.

Conclusions Worldwide functional Gonorrhoea Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, better screening and better treatment programmes are needed. Prevention through condom promotion aimed at core groups remains essential. More specific treatment guidance for low-income and middle-income countries without resistance data is required in the meantime to achieve a better use of antibiotics.


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