Introduction Most scrotal/testicular symptoms and signs are benign. US Scan is investigation of choice in these patients. However, several studies have shown ultrasound scan findings rarely changes management of these patients. Our aim was to understand how ultrasound scan influenced the diagnosis and management of men with scrotal or testicular symptoms seen in our sexual health clinic.
Methods Retrospective data collected from clinical records of all men seen in sexual health clinic and referred for US scan between 2010 and 2016. Data collected include age, presenting symptoms, STI screen, clinical and ultrasound finding.
166 men had ultrasound scan. 23 men excluded due to incomplete data. Data collected and analysed for 143 men.
Results Median age was 33 years (range 15 – 72 years). Common scrotal/testicular symptoms were: lump 72 (50%), aches/pain 45 (31.5%), others 15 (10.5%). Ultrasound scan diagnoses were: Benign epidydimal or tunica albuginea cyst 40 (28%), Varicocele 25 (17.5%), Hydrocele 15 (10.5%), Normal 34 (24%), other 26 (18%), Cancers (testicular 2 and sarcoma 1) (2%). 7 men were referred to urologist for cancer treatment and embolization of varicocele.
Discussion Most men had benign scrotal conditions or normal findings confirmed on scan. This did not change their management plan. Two cases of testicular cancers were initially suspected on clinical examination.
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