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Is previous azithromycin treatment associated with azithromycin resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae? A cross-sectional study using national surveillance data in England

Footnotes

  • Handling editor Khalil G Ghanem

  • Contributors This paper was conceived by HF, GH, KT and MF. SC conducted all data management and statistical analyses, with support from KT and MF. SC wrote the first draft of the article, with further contributions from KT, MF, MC, HM, SW, JKD, HF and GH. All authors interpreted data, reviewed successive drafts and approved the final version of the article.

  • Funding GRASP has been funded totally (2000–2004) and partly (2005–2010) by the Department of Health (England) and by Public Health England. SC was funded to undertake independent research supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR Research Methods Programme, Fellowships and Internships, NIHR-RMFI-2014-05-28).

  • Disclaimer The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the National Institute for Health Research or the Department of Health.

  • Competing interests HF is on the Scientific Advisory Board for Discuva Ltd. The other authors have no competing interests to declare.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Data sharing is per PHE HIV/STI department data sharing guidance (https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/423828/20150424_PHE_HIV_STI_Data_Sharing_Policy_v4.1.pdf).

  • Collaborators GRASP Steering Group: DM Livermore, C Bignell, H Donaldson, B Macrae, K Templeton, J Shepherd, P French, M Portman , AP Johnson, J Paul, A Robinson, J Ross, J Wade, C Ison, G Hughes, K Town, N Woodford, R Mulla, T Sadiq, H Fifer, A Andreasen, M Cole. Collaborating centres: Birmingham (M David, J Ross), Bristol (O M Williams, P Horner), Brighton (M Cubbon, G Dean), Cambridge (N Brown, C Carne), Cardiff (R Howe, J Nicholls), Gloucester (P Moore, A DeBurgh-Thomas), Homerton (A Jepson, M Nathan), Kings (J Wade, C McDonald, M Brady), Leeds (M Denton, J Clarke), Liverpool (J Anson, M Bradley), London Charing Cross, Chelsea and Westminster (K McLean, A McOwan, G Paul, H Donaldson), Luton (R Mulla, T Balachandran), Manchester (A Qamruddin, A Sukthankar), Newcastle (M Valappil, K N Sankar), Newport (S Majumdar, H Birley), Northampton (M Minassian, L Riddell), Nottingham (V Weston, C Bignell, M Pammi), Reading (G Wildman, S Iyer), Sheffield (L Prtak, C Bowman, C Dewnsap), St George’s (P Riley, P Hay), St Mary’s (D Wilkinson), University College Hospital (B Macrae, M Portman, E Jungmann), Wolverhampton (D Dobie, A Tariq) and Woolwich (M Dall’Antonia, J Russell).

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Khalil G Ghanem

  • Contributors This paper was conceived by HF, GH, KT and MF. SC conducted all data management and statistical analyses, with support from KT and MF. SC wrote the first draft of the article, with further contributions from KT, MF, MC, HM, SW, JKD, HF and GH. All authors interpreted data, reviewed successive drafts and approved the final version of the article.

  • Funding GRASP has been funded totally (2000–2004) and partly (2005–2010) by the Department of Health (England) and by Public Health England. SC was funded to undertake independent research supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR Research Methods Programme, Fellowships and Internships, NIHR-RMFI-2014-05-28).

  • Disclaimer The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the National Institute for Health Research or the Department of Health.

  • Competing interests HF is on the Scientific Advisory Board for Discuva Ltd. The other authors have no competing interests to declare.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement Data sharing is per PHE HIV/STI department data sharing guidance (https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/423828/20150424_PHE_HIV_STI_Data_Sharing_Policy_v4.1.pdf).

  • Collaborators GRASP Steering Group: DM Livermore, C Bignell, H Donaldson, B Macrae, K Templeton, J Shepherd, P French, M Portman , AP Johnson, J Paul, A Robinson, J Ross, J Wade, C Ison, G Hughes, K Town, N Woodford, R Mulla, T Sadiq, H Fifer, A Andreasen, M Cole. Collaborating centres: Birmingham (M David, J Ross), Bristol (O M Williams, P Horner), Brighton (M Cubbon, G Dean), Cambridge (N Brown, C Carne), Cardiff (R Howe, J Nicholls), Gloucester (P Moore, A DeBurgh-Thomas), Homerton (A Jepson, M Nathan), Kings (J Wade, C McDonald, M Brady), Leeds (M Denton, J Clarke), Liverpool (J Anson, M Bradley), London Charing Cross, Chelsea and Westminster (K McLean, A McOwan, G Paul, H Donaldson), Luton (R Mulla, T Balachandran), Manchester (A Qamruddin, A Sukthankar), Newcastle (M Valappil, K N Sankar), Newport (S Majumdar, H Birley), Northampton (M Minassian, L Riddell), Nottingham (V Weston, C Bignell, M Pammi), Reading (G Wildman, S Iyer), Sheffield (L Prtak, C Bowman, C Dewnsap), St George’s (P Riley, P Hay), St Mary’s (D Wilkinson), University College Hospital (B Macrae, M Portman, E Jungmann), Wolverhampton (D Dobie, A Tariq) and Woolwich (M Dall’Antonia, J Russell).

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