Article Text

Download PDFPDF

P450 Prep use, STD acquisition and sexual risk behavior
  1. Amy Burrell1,
  2. Carla Tilchin2,
  3. Sebastian Ruhs3,
  4. Christina Schumacher4,
  5. Errol Fields5,
  6. Jessica Wagner6,
  7. Adena Greenbaum7,
  8. Jacky Jennings2
  1. 1Chase Brexton Health Services, Baltimore, USA
  2. 2Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Center for Child and Community Health Research (CCHR), Baltimore, USA
  3. 3Chase Brexton, Baltimore, USA
  4. 4Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Center for Child and Community Health Research, Baltimore, USA
  5. 5Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA
  6. 6Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
  7. 7Baltimore City Health Department, Baltimore, USA


Background Some studies have shown an association between HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use, STD acquisition and increased sexual risk behaviors (e.g. condomless sex). The objective was to determine the association between PrEP use, STD infection (i.e. syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia) and sexual risk behaviors (i.e. condomless sex, sex partner concurrency) in one mid-Atlantic city with an established epidemic of HIV.

Methods Data came from the Understanding Sexual Health in Networks Study (USHINE), an ongoing longitudinal cohort study of MSM between the ages of 18–45. Participants completed an egocentric sexual network survey. Summary statistics, chi-squared tests, and t-tests were used for hypothesis testing.

Results 173 men completed the sexual network survey. 52 (30.1%) men were HIV uninfected and 52 (30.1%) men reported PrEP use. PrEP users (vs non-users) were less likely to be positive for syphilis (10.6% vs 26.8%, p=0.03), but no more likely to be positive for gonorrhea (15.4% vs 8.0%, p=0.25) or chlamydia (17.3% vs 16.0%, p= 0.86). PrEP users (vs non-users) were more likely to report condomless sex (88.5% vs 69.2%, p =0.02) and sex partner concurrency (57.7% vs 32.7%, p=0.01).

Conclusion PrEP users were less likely to be infected with syphilis and no more likely than non-PrEP users to be gonorrhea and chlamydia infected. PrEP users were more likely to report sexual risk behaviors including condomless sex and sex partner concurrency compared to non-PrEP users. The increased sexual risk behaviors among PrEP users is concerning and emphasizes the importance of prevention messaging for PrEP users.

Disclosure No significant relationships.

  • ART
  • PrEP

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.